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6 Different antibiotics and how they work

When penicillin was discovered in the late 1920s, it sparked the modern age of antibiotic (or antimicrobial) treatments. This saved millions of people from disease or death resulting from bacterial infections. Dr Amima Sundas, a specialist physician at Mediclinic Newcastle, explains how antibiotics work, and how many different kinds there are.

Expert Articles

A guide to the major antibiotics

Yes, there are different kinds of antibiotics. Here’s your guide to the main types: how they work, what they treat, and what their potential side effects could be.

Expert Articles

The battle against antibiotic resistance

The widespread – and, in some cases, unnecessary – use of antibiotics is leading to dangerous levels of antibiotic resistance. How does that happen, and is there anything you can do to prevent it?

Expert Articles

A new kind of ray: The history of radiography

In 1895, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered the X-ray and presented his manuscript, On a New Kind of Ray, to the Würzburg Physical Medical Institute. We look at how technology has advanced since then.

improve mental health
Expert Articles

6 Ways to improve your mental health, today

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one in four people suffers from a mental disorder. This makes mental disorders one of the leading causes of ill health and disability worldwide.

DID YOU KNOW?

  • Scrub areas in theatre are a minimum of 2.1m wide to accommodate at least two people at a time.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • Our nursing units are designed to minimise the distance between nursing staff and patients.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • We have backup generators for our backup generators so that we can provide uninterrupted expert care.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • To ensure sterility, our surgical instruments are twice wrapped in sterile fabric.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • We use a yacht-mast design for our cabling and keep it safely wound up in our trauma pedestals to avoid any accidents.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • A baby has a 70% better chance of surviving a motor vehicle accident if in a secure car seat and properly restrained.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • Mediclinic uses building materials that reduce background noise for minimal disturbance.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • We place oxygen-releasing, toxin-absorbing plants, like Sanseviera Trifasciata, around our hospitals.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • Our world-class neonatal units feature high frequency oscillatory ventilators to minimise lung trauma in premature babies.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • Our corridors are 2.3m wide allowing two beds to pass one another without any interference.
    #MediclinicFacts
Conditions

Is a mastectomy required or are there other options for breast cancer?

Breast cancer is a treatable disease and early diagnosis significantly improves the survival rate.  Many women now have the option of preserving their breasts. Dr Mariza Tunmer, a specialist radiation oncologist at the Wits Donald Gordon Medical Centre, explains non-surgical treatment options.

Expert Articles

Are you washing your hands all wrong?

Washing your hands is one of the simplest and best things we can do to prevent the spread of germs and foodborne illnesses. But many people either just don’t wash their hands regularly or don’t wash their hands properly.

DID YOU KNOW?

  • Our hospitals are designed to minimise ambient noise to promote sleeping and the healing process.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • Our radio-translucent theatre beds enable X-rays to be taken on the spot, without having to move the patient or disturb the procedure.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • A jumping rope uses almost every muscle in the entire body during exercise.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • Our world-class neonatal units feature high frequency oscillatory ventilators to minimise lung trauma in premature babies.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • To prevent harmful bacteria being absorbed by mattresses we use protective under sheets made from polypropylene.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • We monitor the temperature of our neonatal units as newborn babies are extremely sensitive to temperature change.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • Trauma patients with a critically low temperature will often be wrapped in a space blanket to reduce heat loss.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • A baby has a 70% better chance of surviving a motor vehicle accident if in a secure car seat and properly restrained.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • The triage admission system in our emergency centres has been able to reduce mortality by up to 50%.
    #MediclinicFacts
  • We use a yacht-mast design for our cabling and keep it safely wound up in our trauma pedestals to avoid any accidents.
    #MediclinicFacts
Expert Articles

A match made in medicine: Stem Cell Donation FAQ

If you’d like to add ‘saved a life’ to your bucket list items, you can. It only takes 10 minutes to register as a stem cell donor, and the actual donation process is safe and relatively pain-free. Here we answer some frequently asked questions about stem cell donations.

Expert Articles

7 Everyday risks to your eyes – and how to avoid them

Imagine this: You’ve cleaned the patio, and you’re ready to spend a sunny afternoon in the garden. You open an ice-cold drink, Google some new recipes, then take a dip in the pool before lighting the braai and watching the kids play on the grass.

Conditions

Is it possible to fully recover from a stroke?

The Heart and Stroke Foundation of South Africa estimates that 10 people suffer a stroke in South Africa every hour. There are ways to minimise the effects of a stroke – providing you act fast. Neurologist Dr Marcelle Smith, practising at Mediclinic Sandton, explains.

Conditions

When does anxiety become a mental health issue?

If you’re in a dangerous situation, anxiety is an important tool for self-preservation, ensuring you take action to protect yourself. But when your anxiety becomes a constant companion, it’s best

Expert Articles

7 Eye tests that look at more than just your vision

When you go to the optometrist because you’re having trouble seeing, a vision test is usually conducted. This test assesses how well you can see and your ability to discern objects. However, many eye conditions and diseases present no symptoms, so there’s a range of tests available to see what your eyes can’t. An ophthalmologist and an eye surgeon explain.

Children up to 12

Is ADHD a learning disability – and can it lead to other mental health issues?

How does attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder develop? Does it impact a child’s intelligence later in life? And are there any mental health conditions associated with the condition? Paediatrician Dr Hannelie Potgieter, based at Mediclinic Potchefstroom, busts a few prevalent myths.

Conditions

Colorectal cancer, know the symptoms

Colorectal cancer is the fourth most prominent cancer in South Africa and the sixth most lethal. Dr Mariza Tunmer, a specialist radiation oncologist at the Wits Donald Gordon Medical Centre, explains what we should know.

Expert Articles

A guide to the benefits and limits of radiology tests

Radiology plays a major role in medical care as it allows patients to be diagnosed and treated for disease and injuries without having to undergo explorative surgery just to see inside the body. Diagnostic radiologist Dr John-Henry Corbett, of Van Dyk & Partners based at Mediclinic Bloemfontein, takes us through the benefits, advancements and risks.

Cardiology

Metabolic syndrome: why it could kill you

Metabolic syndrome, also known as Syndrome X, is a perfect storm for increasing a person’s risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Expert Articles

Myths – and facts – around bone marrow and stem cell transplants

A person who has a disease or condition that prevents their body from making enough healthy blood cells may need a blood stem cell transplant. Sunflower Fund CEO Alana James explains.

Diabetes

Six unexpected signs of kidney damage, and how to reverse it

According to Dr Riaan Flooks, a nephrologist at Mediclinic Bloemfontein, methods of identifying renal disease have advanced to allow for a much earlier diagnosis.

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